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Article References, Sources, Citations


Raine, Adrian; Liu, Jiang-Hong, Biological predispositions to violence and their implications for biosocial treatment and prevention, Psychology, Crime & Law. 1998 Aug Vol 4(2) 107-125.

Volavka, Jan, The neurobiology of violence: An update, Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences. 1999 Sum Vol 11(3) 307-314

Mawson, Anthony R, Stimulation-induced behavioral inhibition: A new model for understanding physical violence, Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science. 1999 Jul-Sep Vol 34(3) 177- 197.

Raine, Adrian; Stoddard, Jacqueline; Bihrle, Susan; Buchsbaum, Monte, Prefrontal glucose deficits in murderers lacking psychosocial deprivation, Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, & Behavioral Neurology. 1998 Jan Vol 11(1) 1-7.

Raine, Adrian; Meloy, J. Reid; Bihrle, Susan; Stoddard, Jackie; LaCasse, Lori; Buchsbaum, Monte S., Reduced prefrontal and increased subcortical brain functioning assessed using positron emission tomography in predatory and affective murderers., Behavioral Sciences & the Law. 1998 Sum Vol 16(3) 319-332.

Moffitt, Terrie E.; Brammer, Gary L.; Caspi, Avshalom; Fawcett, J. Paul; Raleigh, Michael; Yuwiler, Arthur; Silva, Phil, Whole blood serotonin relates to violence in an epidemiological study, Biological Psychiatry. 1998 Mar Vol 43(6) 446-457.

Drexler, Karen; Schweitzer, Julie B.; Quinn, Colin K.; Gross, Robin; Ely, Timothy D.; Muhammad, Faheemah; Kilts, Clinton D., Neural activity related to anger in cocaine-dependent men: A possible link to violence and relapse, American Journal on Addictions. 2000 Fal Vol 9(4) 331-339.

Raine, Adrian; Lencz, Todd; Bihrle, Susan; LaCasse, Lori; Colletti, Patrick, Reduced prefrontal gray matter volume and reduced autonomic activity in antisocial personality disorder, Archives of General Psychiatry. 2000 Feb Vol 57(2) 119-127.

Davidson, Richard J.; Putnam, Katherine M.; Larson, Christine L, Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violence, Science. 2000 Jul Vol 289(5479) 591-594.

Pillmann, Frank; Rohde, Anke; Ullrich, Simone; Draba, Steffi; Sannemueller, Ursel; Marneros, Andreas, Violence, criminal behavior, and the EEG: Significance of left hemispheric focal abnormalities, Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences. 1999 Fal Vol 11(4) 454- 457.



Turbin, Mark S.; Jessor, Richard; Costa, Frances M, Adolescent cigarette smoking: Health- related behavior or normative transgression?, Prevention Science. 2000 Sep Vol 1(3) 115-124.

Iacono, William G.; Carlson, Scott R.; Malone, Stephen M, Identifying a multivariate endophenotype for substance use disorders using psychophysiological measures, International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2000 Oct Vol 38(1) 81-96.

Lewinsohn, Peter M.; Brown, Richard A.; Seeley, John R.; Ramsey, Susan E, Psychosocial correlates of cigarette smoking abstinence, experimentation, persistence and frequency during adolescence, Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2000 May Vol 2(2) 121-131.

Thomas, Jennifer D.; Garrison, Megan E.; Slawecki, Craig J.; Ehlers, Cindy L.; Riley, Edward P,Nicotine exposure during the neonatal brain growth spurt produces hyperactivity in preweanling rats, Neurotoxicology & Teratology. 2000 Sep-Oct Vol 22(5) 695-70.

Unger, Jennifer B.; Cruz, Tess Boley; Rohrbach, Louise Ann; Ribisl, Kurt M.; Baezconde- Garbanti, Lourdes; Chen, Xinguang; Trinidad, Dennis R.; Johnson, C. Anderson, English language use as a risk factor for smoking initiation among Hispanic and Asian American adolescents: Evidence for mediation by tobacco-related beliefs and social norms, Health Psychology. 2000 Sep Vol 19(5) 403-410.

Molina, Brooke S. G.; Smith, Bradley H.; Pelham, William E, Interactive effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder on early adolescent substance use, Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 1999 Dec Vol 13(4) 348-358.

Lasser, Karen; Boyd, J. Wesley; Woolhandler, Steffie; Himmelstein, David U.; McCormick, Danny; Bor, David H, Smoking and mental illness: A population-based prevalence study, JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 2000 Nov Vol 284(20) 2606-2610.

Johnson, Jeffrey G.; Cohen, Patricia; Pine, Daniel S.; Klein, Donald F.; Kasen, Stephanie; Brook, Judith S, Association between cigarette smoking and anxiety disorders during adolescence and early adulthood, JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 2000 Nov Vol 284(18) 2348-2351.

Anokhin, A. P.; Vedeniapin, A. B.; Sirevaag, E. J.; Bauer, L. O.; O'Connor, S. J.; Kuperman, S.; Porjesz, B.; Reich, T.; Begleiter, H.; Polich, J.; Rohrbaugh, J. W, The P300 brain potential is reduced in smokers, Psychopharmacology. 2000 May Vol 149(4) 409-413.

Tait, Robert; Martin-Iverson, Mathew; Michie, Patricia T.; Dusci, Leon, The effects of cigarette consumption on the Sternberg visual memory search paradigm, Addiction. 2000 Mar Vol 95(3) 437-446.



Leroux, Janice A.; Levitt-Perlman, Marla,The gifted child with attention deficit disorder: An identification and intervention challenge.Roeper Review. 2000 Apr Vol 22(3) 171-176.

Hampson, Robert E.; Deadwyler, Sam A, Cannabinoids, hippocampal function and memory, Life Sciences. 1999 Jul Vol 65(6-7) 715-723.

Brook, Judith S.; Richter, Linda; Whiteman, Martin; Cohen, Patricia, Consequences of adolescent marijuana use: Incompatibility with the assumption of adult roles, Genetic, Social, & General Psychology Monographs. 1999 May Vol 125(2) 193-207.

Valois, Robert F.; Dunham, Ashley C. A.; Jackson, Kirby L.; Waller, Jennifer, Association between employment and substance abuse behaviors among public high school adolescents, Journal of Adolescent Health. 1999 Oct Vol 25(4) 256-263.

Block, Robert I.; O'Leary, Daniel S.; Hichwa, Richard D.; Augustinack, Jean C.; Ponto, Laura L. Boles; Ghoneim, M. M.; Arndt, Stephan; Ehrhardt, James C.; Hurtig, Richard R.; Watkins, G. L.; Hall, James A.; Nathan, Peter E.; Andreasen, Nancy C, Cerebellar hypoactivity in frequent marijuana users, Neuroreport: For Rapid Communication of Neuroscience Research. 2000 Mar Vol 11(4) 749-753.

Green, Brian E.; Ritter, Christian, Marijuana use and depression, Journal of Health & Social Behavior. 2000 Mar Vol 41(1) 40-49.

Kouri, Elena M.; Pope, Harrison G., Jr, Abstinence symptoms during withdrawal from chronic marijuana use, Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2000 Nov Vol 8(4) 483-492.

Dornbusch, Sanford M.; Lin, I-Chun; Munroe, Paul T.; Bianchi, Alison J, Adolescent polydrug use and violence in the United States, International Journal of Adolescent Medicine & Health. 1999 Jul-Dec Vol 11(3-4) 197-219.

Lai, Shenghan; Lai, Hong; Page, J. Bryan; McCoy, Clyde B, The association between cigarette smoking and drug abuse in the United States, Journal of Addictive Diseases. 2000 Vol 19(4) 11-24.



Lyvers, Michael, "Loss of control" in alcoholism and drug addiction: A neuroscientific interpretation, Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2000 May Vol 8(2) 225-245.

Olbrich, H. M.; Maes, H.; Gann, H.; Hagenbuch, F.; Feige, B., Auditory and visual event-related potentials in alcoholics: Abnormalities of components and brain electrical field, European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience. 2000 Vol 250(5) 215-220.

Ramaekers, J. G.; Robbe, H. W. J.; O'Hanlon, J. F., Marijuana, alcohol and actual driving performance, Human Psychopharmacology Clinical & Experimental. 2000 Oct Vol 15(7) 551-558.

Brooks, P. J., Brain atrophy and neuronal loss in alcoholism: A role for DNA damage?, Neurochemistry International. 2000 Nov-Dec Vol 37(5-6) 403-412.

Yoshimoto, K.; Ueda, S.; Kato, B.; Takeuchi, Y.; Kawai, Y.; Noritake, K.; Yasuhara, M.Alcohol enhances characteristic releases of dopamine and serotonin in the central nucleus of the amygdala, Neurochemistry International. 2000 Oct Vol 37(4) 369-376.

De Bellis, Michael D.; Clark, Duncan B.; Beers, Sue R.; Soloff, Paul H.; Boring, Amy M.; Hall, Julie; Kersh, Adam; Keshavan, Matcheri S., Hippocampal volume in adolescent-onset alcohol use disorders, American Journal of Psychiatry. 2000 May Vol 157(5) 737-744.

Moussas, G. I.; Dadoutis, G.; Botsis, A.; Lykouras, L.,1 /Impulsivity, suicide and violence risk in hospitalized alcoholics: Sex differences, Psychiatriki. 1999 Jul-Aug Vol 10(3) 228-235.

Mashkova, V. M., The influence of glycine on EEG parameters and sensorimotor activity in normal and alcoholic subjects, Human Physiology. 2000 Jul-Aug Vol 26(4) 388-392.

Brener, Nancy D.; Hassan, Sohela Sabur; Barrios, Lisa Cohen, Suicidal ideation among, Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology. 1999 Dec Vol 67(6) 1004-1008.


Other Drugs

Johansson, Pia; Lindqvist, Ann-Sophie; Nyberg, Fred; Fahlke, Claudia, Anabolic androgenic steroids affects alcohol intake, defensive behaviors and brain opioid peptides in the rat, Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior. 2000 Oct Vol 67(2) 271-279.

Hausmann, Markus; Slabbekoorn, Ditte; Van Goozen, Stephanie H. M.; Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy T.; Guentuerkuen, Onur, Sex hormones affect spatial abilities during the menstrual cycle, Behavioral Neuroscience. 2000 Dec Vol 114(6) 1245-1250.

Bartzokis, George; Beckson, Mace; Lu, Po H.; Edwards, Nancy; Rapoport, Ruth; Wiseman, Eve; Bridge, Peter, Age-related brain volume reductions in amphetamine and cocaine addicts and normal controls: Implications for addiction research, Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 2000 Apr Vol 98(2) 93-102.

Giorgetti, Marco; Zhdanova, Irina V, Chronic cocaine treatment induces dysregulation in the circadian pattern of rats' feeding behavior, Brain Research. 2000 Sep Vol 877(2) 170-175.

Carlson, Janice; Armstrong, Brian; Switzer, Robert C., III; Ellison, Gaylord, Selective neurotoxic effects of nicotine on axons in fasciculus retroflexus further support evidence that this a weak link in brain across drugs of abuse, Neuropharmacology. 2000 Oct Vol 39(13) 2792-2798.

Werme, Martin; Thoren, Peter; Olson, Lars; Brene, Stefan, Running and cocaine both upregulate dynorphin mRNA in medial caudate putamen, European Journal of Neuroscience. 2000 Aug Vol 12(8) 2967-2974.

Schoser, Benedikt G. T.; Groden, Christoph, Subacute onset of oculogyric crises and generalized dystonia following intranasal administration of heroin, Addiction. 1999 Mar Vol 94(3) 431-434.

Tanda, Gianluigi; Munzar, Patrik; Goldberg, Steven R, Self-administration behavior is maintained by the psychoactive ingredient of marijuana in squirrel monkeys, Nature Neuroscience. 2000 Nov Vol 3(11) 1073-1074.

Reneman, Liesbeth; Booij, Jan; Schmand, Ben; van den Brink, Wim; Gunning, Boudewijn, Memory disturbances in "Ecstacy" users are correlated with an altered brain serotonin neurotransmission, Psychopharmacology. 2000 Feb Vol 148(3) 322-324.

Dwyer, D. M.; Mackintosh, N. J.; Boakes, R. A, Simultaneous activation of the representations of absent cues results in the formation of an excitatory association between them, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. 1998 Apr Vol 24(2) 163-171.


Stress and Memory

Morrow, Bret A.; Roth, Robert H.; Elsworth, John D, TMT, a predator odor, elevates mesoprefrontal dopamine metabolic activity and disrupts short-term working memory in the rat., Brain Research Bulletin. 2000 Aug Vol 52(6) 519-523.

Tuinstra, T.; Verheij, M.; Willemen, A.; Iking, J.; Heeren, D. J.; Cools, A. R., Retrieval of spatial information in Nijmegen high and low responders: Involvement of beta-adrenergic mechanisms in the nucleus accumbens, Behavioral Neuroscience. 2000 Dec Vol 114(6) 1088-1095.

Brand, Nico; Hanson, Eamonn; Godaert, Guido, Chronic stress affects blood pressure and speed of short-term memory, Perceptual & Motor Skills. 2000 Aug Vol 91(1) 291-298.

Arnsten, Amy F. T.; Murphy, Beth; Merchant, Kalpana, The selective dopamine D4 receptor antagonist, PNU-101387G, prevents stress-induced cognitive deficits in monkeys, Neuropsychopharmacology. 2000 Oct Vol 23(4) 405-410.

Tohill, Jean M.; Holyoak, Keith J, The impact of anxiety on analogical reasoning, Thinking & Reasoning. 2000 Feb Vol 6(1) 27-40.


Obsessive-Compulsive disorder

Neziroglu, Fugen; Yaryura-Tobias, Jose A.; Walz, Joelle; McKay, Dean, The effect of fluvoxamine and behavior therapy on children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder, Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 2000 Win Vol 10(4) 295-306.

Diler, Rasim Somer; Avci, Ayse, Open-label trial of paroxetine in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder, Current Therapeutic Research. 2000 Oct Vol 61(10) 706-719.

Diler, Rasim Somer; Avci, Ayse; Tamam, Lut; Toros, Fevziye, Cocuk vs ergenlerde obsesif kompulsif bozukluk: Sosyodemografik, klinik oezellikler ve estanilar. /Obsessive compulsive behavior in children and adolescents: Sociodemographic, clinical features and comorbidity, Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi. 1999 Win Vol 10(4) 294-304.

Verdes, M.C.; Bielsa, A.; Tomas, J.A; Lombardia, C., Aproximacion al enfoque neurobiologico del trastorno obsesivo compulsivo en paidopsiquiatria. /OCD in child and adolescent psychiatry: Neurobiological approach, Revista de Psiquiatria Infanto-Juvenil. 1998 No 3 171-179.

Fitzgerald, Kate Dimond; Moore, Gregory J.; Paulson, Lori Anne; Stewart, Carol M.; Rosenberg, David R, Proton spectroscopic imaging of the thalamus in treatment-naive pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder, Biological Psychiatry. 2000 Feb Vol 47(3) 174-182.

Freeman, Jennifer B.; Leonard, Henrietta L, Sexual obsessions in obsessive-compulsive disorder, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000 Feb Vol 39(2) 141-142.

Haliburn, Joan, Reasons for adolescent suicide attempts, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000 Jan Vol 39(1) 13-14.

Rosenberg, David R.; Benazon, Nili R.; Gilbert, Andrew; Sullivan, April; Moore, Gregory J, Thalamic volume in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder patients before and after cognitive behavioral therapy, Biological Psychiatry. 2000 Aug Vol 48(4) 294-300.

Zaider, Talia I.; Johnson, Jeffrey G.; Cockell, Sarah J, Psychiatric comorbidity associated with eating disorder symptomatology among adolescents in the community, International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2000 Jul Vol 28(1) 58-67.

Moll, G. H.; Rothenberger, A, Verhaltenstherapie bei Kindern und Jugendlichen mit Zwangsstorungen: Verknupfung von Entwicklung, Verhalten, Neurobiolgie und Therapie./Behavior therapy with children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorders: Connecting development, behavior, neurobiology and therapy, Verhaltenstherapie. 2000 Jun Vol 10(2) 120-130.

Gilbert, Andrew R.; Moore, Gregory J.; Keshavan, Matcheri S.; Paulson, Lori Anne D.; Narula, Vikram; Mac Master, Frank P.; Stewart, Carol M.; Rosenberg, David R, Decrease in thalamic volumes of pediatric patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder who are taking paroxetine, Archives of General Psychiatry. 2000 May Vol 57(5) 449-456.

Reddy, Y. C. Janardhan; Reddy, P. Srinivas; Srinath, S.; Khanna, S.; Sheshadri, S. P.; Girimaji, S. C., Comorbidity in juvenile obsessive-compulsive disorder: A report from India, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2000 Apr Vol 45(3) 274-278.

Pfeiffer, Ernst; von Moers, Arpad, Camptocormia in an adolescent, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000 Aug Vol 39(8) 944-945.

Marazziti, Donatella; Masala, Irene; Rossi, Alessandra; Hollander, Eric; Presta, Silvio; Giannaccini, Gino; Mazzoni, Maria R.; Dell'Osso, Liliana; Lucacchini, Antonio; Cassano, Giovanni B, Increased inhibitory activity of protein kinase C on the serotonin transporter in OCD, Neuropsychobiology. 2000 May Vol 41(4) 171-177.

Swerdlow, Neal R.; Hartston, Heidi J.; Hartman, Patricia L, Enhanced visual latent inhibition in obsessive-compulsive disorder, Biological Psychiatry. 1999 Feb Vol 45(4) 482-488.

Schultz, Robert T.; Evans, David W.; Wolff, Monica, Neuropsychological models of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder, Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 1999 Jul Vol 8(3) 513-531.

Zohar, Ada H, The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents, Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 1999 Jul Vol 8(3) 445-460.

Hennighausen, Klaus; Rischmueller, B.; Heseker, H.; Remschmidt, H.; Hebebrand, J, Low body mass indices in adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 1999 Apr Vol 99(4) 267-273.



Tuchtenhagen, Frank; Daumann, Joerg; Norra, Christina; Gobbele, Rene; Becker, Steffanie; Pelz, Susanne; Sass, Henning; Buchner, Helmut; Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, Euphrosyne, High intensity dependence of auditory evoked dipole source activity indicates decreased serotonergic activity in abstinent ecstasy (MDMA) users, Neuropsychopharmacology. 2000 Jun Vol 22(6) 608-617.

Parrott, A. C.; Sisk, E.; Turner, J. J. D. Parrott, A. C.; Sisk, E.; Turner, J. J. D, Psychobiological problems in heavy "ecstasy' (MDMA) polydrug users, Drug & Alcohol Dependence. 2000 Jul Vol 60(1) 105-110.

Gamma, Alex; Buck, Alfred; Berthold, Thomas; Hell, Daniel; Vollenweider, Franz X, 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) modulates cortical and limbic brain activity as measured by [H-sub-2-sup-1-sup-5O]-PET in healthy humans, Neuropsychopharmacology. 2000 Oct Vol 23(4) 388-395.

Morgan, Michael John, Ecstasy (MDMA): A review of its possible persistent psychological effects, Psychopharmacology. 2000 Oct Vol 152(3) 230-248

Slotkin, T. A.; Seidler, F. J.; Ali, S. F, Cellular determinants of reduced adaptability of the aging brain: Neurotransmitter utilization and cell signaling responses after MDMA lesions, Brain Research. 2000 Oct Vol 879(1-2) 163-173.

Byrne, Tom; Baker, Lisa E.; Poling, Alan, MDMA and learning: Effects of acute and neurotoxic exposure in the rat, Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior. 2000 Jul Vol 66(3) 501-508.

Verkes, Robbert J.; Gijsman, Harm J.; Pieters, Monique S. M.; Schoemaker, Rik C.; de Visser, Saco; Kuijpers, Monique; Pennings, Ed J. M.; de Bruin, Dick; Van de Wijngaart, Govert; Van Gerven, Joop M. A.; Cohen, Adam F, Cognitive performance and serotonergic function in users of ecstasy, Psychopharmacology. 2001 Jan Vol 153(2) 196-202.

Gamma, Alex; Buck, Alfred; Berthold, Thomas; Vollenweider, Franz X, No difference in brain activation during cognitive performance between Ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) users and control subjects: A [H-sub-2-sup-1-sup-5O]-positron emission tomography study, Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2001 Feb Vol 21(1) 66-71.

Taffe, Michael A.; Weed, Michael R.; Davis, Sophia; Huitron-Resendiz, Salvador; Schroeder, Richard; Parsons, Loren H.; Henriksen, Steven J.; Gold, Lisa H, Functional consequences of repeated (+-)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) treatment in rhesus monkeys, Neuropsychopharmacology. 2001 Mar Vol 24(3) 230-239.

Liechti, Matthias E.; Geyer, Mark A.; Hell, Daniel; Vollenweider, Franz X, Neuropsychopharmacology. 2001 Mar Vol 24(3) 240-252.

O-Shea, E.; Granados, R.; Esteban, B.; Colado, M. I.; Green, A. R, The relationship between the degree of neurodegeneration of rat brain 5-HT nerve terminals and the dose and frequency of administration of MDMA ("ecstasy'), Neuropharmacology. 1998 Jul Vol 37(7) 919-926.

Morgan, Michael John, Memory deficits associated with recreational use of "ecstasy" (MDMA), Psychopharmacology. 1999 Jan Vol 141(1) 30-36.

Obrocki, Jost; Buchert, Ralph; Vaeterlein, Ole; Thomasius, Rainer; Beyer, Wolfgang; Shiemann, Thomas. Ecstasy--Long term effects on the human central nervous system revealed by positron emission tomography, British Journal of Psychiatry. 1999 Aug Vol 175 186-188.

Marston, Hugh M.; Reid, Morag E.; Lawrence, Jane A.; Olverman, Henry J.; Butcher, Steven P, Behavioural analysis of the acute and chronic effects of MDMA treatment in the rat, Psychopharmacology. 1999 May Vol 144(1) 67-76.

Shankaran, Mahalakshmi; Gudelsky, Gary A, A neurotoxic regimen of MDMA suppresses behavioral, thermal and neurochemical responses to subsequent MDMA administration, Psychopharmacology. 1999 Nov Vol 147(1) 66-72.

Gerra, Gilberto; Zaimovic, Amir; Ferri, Mila; Zambelli, Ursula; Timpano, Mariaemanuela; Neri, Elisabetta; Marzocchi, Gian Franco; Delsignore, Roberto; Brambilla, Francesca, Long-lasting effects of (+-)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstasy) on serotonin system function in humans, Biological Psychiatry. 2000 Jan Vol 47(2) 127-136.

Barrionuevo, Meritxell; Aguirre, Norberto; Del Rio, Joaquin; Lasheras, Berta, Serotonergic deficits and impaired passive-avoidance learning in rats by MDEA: A comparison with MDMA, Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior. 2000 Feb Vol 65(2) 233-240.

Burgess, Ciara; O'Donohoe, A.; Gill, M, Agony and ecstasy: A review of MDMA effects and toxicity, European Psychiatry. 2000 Aug Vol 15(5) 287-294.

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